How to pronounce the "ed" endings of regular verbs (past tenses) audio:   

The pronunciation of “ed” endings (pasts of regular verbs is reduced to a short “d” sound for most of the verbs.

If the end of the word ends in one of the following sounds, the shortened "d" sound becomes a short "t" sound (this is understandable, as it is simply more difficult to add the "d" sound to these endings):

K, S, Ch, Sh, F, P


brake > braked
miss > missed
attach > attached
push > pushed
stuff > stuffed

help > helped

It's OK to pronounce all of these endings with the "t" sound, as the difference will have no influence on ease of understanding.

However, if the last pronounced consonant of the verb is a T sound or a D sound, we must pronounce the past "ed" ending as "id"


want > wanted
sight > sighted
spot > spotted
add > added
head > headed
collide > collided

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